- The alternative minimum tax applies to higher-income households and claws back certain write-offs, including the state and local tax deduction.
- The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act went into effect in 2018 and sharply reduced the number of affected households, from about 5 million to fewer than 150,000.
- Be aware that the AMT will come back in 2026, so taxes are expected to rise again – largely for those with upward of $200,000 in income, according to the Tax Policy Center.
What is the AMT
Filers who are subject to the AMT would calculate their income tax liability twice: Once under ordinary tax rules, and a second time with the AMT, which would back out personal exemptions and certain itemized deductions, such as the state and local tax deduction.
“State and local taxes pushed people into AMT quite easily,” said Evan Morgan, CPA and tax director at Kaufman Rossin in Miami. “Prior to 2018, state and local tax deductions were one of the largest itemized deductions on most people’s returns.”
Taxpayers would look at their liabilities under the ordinary rules and the AMT and then pay whichever tax was the highest.
Changes Under Trump.
First, the new law increased the AMT exemption. In 2017, the exemption was $54,300 for single filers ($84,500 for married filing jointly).
For the 2020 tax year, the exemption is $72,900 for singles and $113,400 for married couples.
Second, this AMT exemption begins to phase out once a taxpayer’s income hits a certain threshold — meaning the benefit decreases for high-income taxpayers.
“Under today’s laws, it’s highly unlikely that you’ll be in the AMT unless one of two things is true: You exercise many incentive stock options or you have a significant amount of private activity bonds,” said Jeffrey Levine, CPA and CEO of BluePrint Wealth Alliance in Garden City, New York.
Be aware that the change to the AMT is in effect until 2026, at which point more than 7 million taxpayers — largely those with more than $200,000 in income — may be subject to the levy again, according to Tax Policy Center estimates.
Thanks to Darla Mercado @ CNBC for this article.